Born and raised in Franklin, Tennessee, Courtney went to undergraduate school at Virginia Tech where he received a Bachelor of Science in Public Administration. After graduation, Courtney worked in the insurance industry as an engineer for the Kentucky Inspection Bureau (ISO, KY) in Louisville. He received his Juris Doctor degree from the University of Louisville's Louis D. Brandeis School of Law. Courtney concentrated his law practice in the area of commercial and insurance defense litigation. He specialized in aircraft and medical malpractice defense litigation. Courtney also serves as a mediator in personal injury cases.